19th Century Humanities


1808 British West Africa Squadron is formed to suppress slave trading.

1811 to 1812 Luddite protesters attack industrial machinery in protest against.

1812 to 1818 Hampden clubs[u1]  are formed to advocate parliamentary reform.

Mar 1815 Corn Laws are introduced to protect British agriculture. [Food prices rise]

13 Apr 1829 Parliament[u2]  grants Catholic emancipation.

1833 Factory Act restricts work hours for women and children.

31 July 1833 Parliament passes a bill to abolish slavery in British Empire.

1834 New poor Law reforms Britain’s social security system.

1838 Chartism first existed. A push for universal suffrage.

Jun 1840 Vaccination for the poor is introduced.

1847 British Factory Act restricts working day for women and children for no more than 10 hours per day.
1857 The Married Woman's Property Act passed.

24 Nov 1859 Charles Darwin’s ‘On the Origin of Species’ is published.
1864 The Contagious Diseases Act was passed.[u3]

17 Feb 1870 New law introduces secular school boards.

01 Aug 1870 Irish Land gives rights to tenants[u4] .

09 Aug 1870 Women obtain limited rights to retain their property after marriage.

18 Jul 1872 Voting by secret ballot is introduced.

13 Jul 1878 Congress of Berlin

01 Jan 1883 Married women obtain the right to acquire their own property.

Oct 1897 Women’s suffrage campaign[u5]  gains momentum.


 [u1]  Hampden Clubs were the first major societies devoted to parliamentary reform. They were named after John Hampden.

 [u2]  In 1828, Test and Corporation Acts which banned Catholics from holding government and public office. Catholic Relief Act of 1829 granted full emancipation of British and Irish Catholics.

[u3] This Act allowed policeman to arrest prostitutes in places and bring them in to be checked for any diseases. If the women were suffering from sexually transmitted diseases they were locked in hospitals until cured.

 [u4]  Ireland’s Landlord and Tenant Act is passed by William Gladstone’s government.

 [u5]  The first organized activity in support of votes for women dates from the 1860s. National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) coordinated activities including opposing violence and promoting the organization as law-abiding and above party politics.


1)      A) Which main topic does the artifact relate to? In what ways?
          This artifact is related to Notion of the Frontier because the laws passed and its systems of laws were based on the notions of equality and liberty. 

         B) Which other main topics does it also relate to?
          This can also relate to nationalism and liberalism because the act of passed laws showed how people were trying to make their country a more compacted society where there are less disputes. Liberalism can also refer to the topic of the equality of women's right in some particular topics after marriage.

2) Why did you choose this artifact, and how much time did you spend creating and/ or processing it?
     I chose this artifact because a timeline can illustrate things going on in certain places at the same time, allowing us to connect and relate the things that have happened. I spent 3 to 4 hours creating this timeline.

3) What insights and understanding have you gained from the creation and/or processing of this artifact?
    This artifact made me understand how the major events that happened during the 19th century of Britain. It also gives me an idea of the things British believed were the priorities of the country, and the major changes they had to make.
4) Does this artifact reflect your best work and/or ideas? Why, or why not?
      This artifact does not really reflect my best work because facts can not really express our own ideas.

5) Rate this artifact on a scale of -5 to 5 for the following 4 criterion:   
            A) impact on the quality of your portfolio                          3   
            B) Impact on your level of happiness/enjoyment                2   
            C) impact on your learning                                               2   
            D) Level of creativity and originality                                 3
6) Any additional comments.