19th Century Humanities

Luddite Simulation Notes

image from google
     During the very early 1800s, Huddersfield, Yorkshire was a very peaceful town. People were paid with good salaries, and there wasn't really any disputes among the people, not the property owners, not the workers. But as machines were invented, factories increased their use of machinery too. By 1812, attacks and protests emerged as people started losing their jobs and life. Soon, a gang of people formed a secret union, where the members are known as the Luddites. These Luddites then held riots and broke the machines in the factories. In March 1813, the government took military intervention to calm the protests.
Where there any other protest groups? Or only the Luddites?

Q & A

How was the Yorkshire textile industry organized in 1801?
     Women, men, and children all worked, where women used spinning wheels and children use carding brushes to straighten the wool.

How was the textile industry changing by 1812?
     Factories began using new machinery, leading to protests on how the job opportunities have decreased, since the factories does not need men to crop the clothes anymore, instead, they would only need children to operate the machines.

Who were the Luddites? What were their methods of protest?
     The Luddites where protesters who strongly disagreed to the use of machines in factories. They protest by breaking machines and holding out a riot.

What did it mean to be "twisted in" ? Why was this so dangerous?
     To be "twisted in" means to be one of the Luddites by "kissing the book", assuring the other members that this will be a secret union and that no one else should be informed or told of this. This is dangerous because you would no longer be an individual. You will then become one of the Luddites, the people to break into the factories and destroy the machines. These actions may cause troubles such as being sent away from the country for years. 

Who was General/ Ned Ludd?
     General Ludd is the person who controls all the moves of the Luddites. He is the leader of the Luddites.

Why were the Luddites prepared to risk their lives protesting?
     The Luddites were willing to risk their lives protesting because having no jobs is just the same as losing their lives, therefore it is necessary that they fight for their job back to survive. Their wages were too low to feed their own family, they needed food, but the factory provided only a little to spare.  Children in the factories were even forbidden-ed to talk to anyone else, which gives them no freedom of speech at all. All those machines took away people's jobs, and people were starving as they went from good wages to jobless.

 Why were the mill owners and the government so worried? How did they respond to the Luddites?
     The mill owners and the government were so worried because it was their factory that the Luddites were trying to destroy. If they really were damaged, government would then have to spend money to repair the things that are ruined. They respond to the Luddites by giving them a curfew or punishments. The curfew was that nobody is able to go out after midnight, whereas the punishments can include being sent away from the country.

How were the Luddites punished?
     They were sent away from the country.


1)      A) Which main topic does the artifact relate to? In what ways?
      This artifact relates to the topic of human rights movement, even though it isn't connected with migration, it is still about how luddites tried to claim their jobs back.

B) Which other main topics does it also relate to?
      This also relates to urbanization because the construction of factories impacted the whole society and the people's livings.

2) Why did you choose this artifact, and how much time did you spend creating and/ or processing it?
      I chose this artifact because it can help illustrate the ideas on my mind as I create this idea page. It took me about an hour to write down the ideas and main point of the article I've read.

3) What insights and understanding have you gained from the creation and/or processing of this artifact?
      After doing the simulation, it helped me understand how the luddites have to be careful not to get caught by the authorities who can punish them with fines and send them out of countries.

4) Does this artifact reflect your best work and/or ideas? Why, or why not?
      This artifact reflects my best work by allowing me to jot down ideas whenever wherever.

5) Rate this artifact on a scale of -5 to 5 for the following 4 criterion:

   A) impact on the quality of your portfolio                              3

   B) Impact on your level of happiness/enjoyment                  3

   C) impact on your learning                                                     3

   D) Level of creativity and originality                                      3

6) Any additional comments.