19th Century Humanities

Meliora’s Disaster Proposal

Our country Meliora strives to be the country with the last damages from natural disasters. Meliora will be sponsoring a Global Disaster Relief Association to aid a variety of countries during the time of happening of the disaster.The major objective of this association is to prioritize the disaster-struck countries and to reduce the impacts of the disaster by either supporting them financially or physically with helicopters and armies sent across seas to provide assistance. As what the Melioran government values, special attention will be given to disaster prevention and preparedness by the Governments concerned, as well as by the international community. Economic growth and sustainable development are essential for prevention of and preparedness against natural disasters and other emergencies, therefore Meliora will provide risk reduction programmes that can effectively reduce risks. Risk reduction consists of measures of implementing the focus on a wide range of social, economic, environmental and technical issues, which includes structural measures, such as flood defenses or safe building designs/structures, and non-structural measures, such as the development of early warning systems, the regulation of land use or the sensitization of populations at risk. In order to be truly effective, risk reduction cannot be limited to the realm of disaster risk management but also to be fully integrated in development policies and planning, climate change adaptation efforts and the post-disaster recovery process. Financial and economic impacts of disasters can be reduced through risk transfer. While these risks can never be completely eliminated, they can be shared. The sharing process will take place in the Global Disaster Relief Association, where partnerships will be settled with the allies of Meliora with advocates and sponsors who are willing to volunteer helping the countries in need. Despite of the high cost of the prevention programmes, Meliora will still continue funding researchers and developers to generate software systems for disaster prevention. The Melioran government will also hold biannual talks and conferences within the nation and out of the nation with other powers in-order to spread awareness of the different aspects of a disaster, thus increasing the transportation/sharing of information and news which further heightens the commencement of different ideas and solutions to effectively help disaster relief and preventions.  A national alarm system will be issued as an evacuation procedure. Pamphlets regarding specific evacuation procedures will  be distributed to further proliferate awareness.

According to statistics on the abundance of disasters per month, the Melioran government has established Catch Phrase on Melioran public transportation including metros and buses. The Melioran government will focus on a month that is more disaster prone and enforce a campaign--all other months will receive similar treatments. As what the Global Disaster Relief Association proposed, Meliora guarantees the system to be implemented under certainty.


          The Melioran citizens reflect a deep engagement with the activities and repercussions of daily life, and sometimes of those that may expedite and become instruments of disaster and destruction. The Melioran government now addresses the problem of achieving a fine balance between nature as it is and the world as it has been created through the development of culture and technology. It has become near-impossible to imagine a relationship to nature that is not challenged, not conditioned by the mark of humanity and the consequences of such an incursion, but Melioran government will try its best to overcome these overwhelming invasions of nature and save as much of the nation and the world itself to make it a better place. 

SECTION 1: In the first section, the earthquake protection system will be introduced.

         With one of the newly established Meliora monitoring system, Meliora will be using the most advanced technology to detect and sense the approaching earthquakes through seismic waves. However, before this monitoring system starts activating, specialists will be sent throughout the country in protecting buildings, facilities and equipments from earthquakes by designing and manufacturing the installation of base isolation systems which includes roller bearings and other chemical reinforcements. In addition to structural strengthening works, Meliora sets a goal to accomplish extremely structured applications for military facilities, hospitals, airports, public transportation projects, offices and residences. New regulations will otherwise be built with concrete columns, beam strengthening, and repair works every once in a while. Moreover, shear walls and cross braces will be added to the higher buildings of the city, where the material section will be carefully selected. 

SECTION 2: In this section, the problem of tsunami will be discussed regarding the preventions that can be done.

          In populated areas such as mainland Meliora, the best idea seemed to be the use of seawalls in front of ports and cities, which can immensely reduce the force of the tsunami, decreasing the least number of casualties possible. Many reports from previous history of other countries indicated that it is best to have walls offshore, with continuous protection and no holes, which are to be implemented in ports and coastal cities. However, a more healthier and less costly way can be done. One of the most effective methods of protection from a tsunami is trees. Walls of trees can absorb the force of a tsunami and help reduce the damage to structures on land. As what Meliora benefits with its landform, many trees are planted throughout the cities, including North Meliora, South Meliora, and Mainland Meliora. Mangroves, as it appears in studies in Melioran researches, are especially god at protecting areas from tsunamis, thus what Meliora aims to do is to plant more of these species to protect our land more effectively. 

Section 3: In the third section, the topic of flood will be broached. 

            Meliora is proud to introduce the technical expertise and knowledge to design and manage flood mitigation schemes on a great range of scales. With an abundant of licensed people who are specialized in this area of research, Meliora was able to gather a great number of people to be engaged in the flood protection system, in which can promise the citizens in terms of products, costs, and safely. The most fundamental flood protection is sandbag, which can be utilized by common people in case of emergency. Melioran government will be hosting a storage location in each community where sandbags will be placed and used during disasters such as flood.  Current flood protection are usually primarily concerned with strong dikes. What the Melioran government will do about this is to integrate three aspects in advanced forecasting and water supporting systems. While this prevention program increases our safety, the cost of managing water systems will additionally fall markedly at the same time. Evidently, more than half of Green Garden lives along coastlines, lakes and rivers, where deltas are densely populated and are becoming economically more valuable. The potential damage from flooding is therefore enormous and the possibility of it happening might increase. Melioran government believes that when selecting the location for the dike, it's best to take advantage of natural land features that keep the dike as short and low as possible to avoid obstructions that would weaken the dike. (possibly not building the dike against a building wall because the forces the dike may place on the building might damage the structure. Since a dike will fail if not built correctly, Melioran government decides to train people on proper procedures for placing these stored sandbags in a neat arrangement. 

Section 4: The last section, volcano eruption protection will be mentioned and discussed. 

           As a country with many mountainous regions, it is impossible to prevent volcanic eruptions, but it is possible to keep the damage cost to a minimum. One prevention we can do is to poor massive amounts of water onto the lava, in which the water will be sent by helicopters all around the nation to help the region where the disaster strikes. There is no known method of preventing volcanic eruptions and no known defense from the threat of pyroclastic flows, but now the Melioran government is putting its primary concern in protecting its citizens with the utmost applications were it will lessen the damage. Comparatively little can be done about ash-falls but strengthening of buildings can help prevent their collapse on the Melioran citizens due to ash accumulating on the roof. Three identified measures can be done to control lava flows. One of which was mentioned, which is water sprays that can cool the lava rapidly to solidify it. Bombing to cause crusts around the lava flow can help stop the lava from flowing further. Bombing used high on the volcano may cause the spread and halt the advancing lava. Lastly, barriers made artificially can be used to divert lava streams away from valuable property, and that should be constructed by resistant material. In the future, Melioran government hopes to gain more and more knowledge of eruption frequencies and durations, and hopefully, this can help us prepare for future volcanic activities. 

A major earthquake hit the country of Japan with the devastating tsunami that came after that!!!
Luckily, with the local alarm system with the early warnings, people were able to evacuate beforehand. (Which was just like the disaster game, we are able to establish alarm systems in community centers and have people evacuate before the tsunami comes so they can stay in higher grounds to avoid being hit)
Sadly, according to Cnn, Japan's recovery will take years, because many of the populated cities were completely destroyed, adding with the nuclear exposure that just happened a couple days after the tsunami/earthquake.

Amid Sendai's Devastation, a Father Seeks His Daughter
By Hannah Beech / Sendai Sunday, Mar. 13, 2011

Bowlegged and rheumy-eyed, 76-year-old farmer Masahira Kasamatsu barreled down the sodden path. His pants were rolled above his knees and his shoeless feet were covered with inky mud deposited by the tsunami that had swept across northeastern Japan three days earlier, killing thousands upon thousands of people. "I'm looking for my daughter," he said, barely breaking his stride as we negotiated fallen electricity poles and mangled cars. "Her name is Yoko Oosato. Have you seen her?"

Kasamatsu's daughter had worked for 30 years at the airport in Sendai, the largest city in the devastated region. After an 8.9-magnitude earthquake, the worst in Japan's history, struck on March 11, the coastal airport was deluged by a 10-m-high wave of water that churned up debris and mud several kilometers inland. Hundreds of upturned cars, airplanes and trucks littered the waterlogged landscape.(See photos of rescuers scrambling to search for survivors.)

For three days, Kasamatsu, whose coastal home had been flooded by the tsunami, called his daughter's cell phone to no avail. He listened to the death rolls on the radio. He did not hear her name. Finally, Kasamatsu and his wife, Emiko, climbed into their car and drove toward the airport. The roads were barely passable; petrol ran out. The couple spent the night in their unheated car before he abandoned the vehicle and began desperately wading through water and mud to get to the airport.

"I know there are so many people that are dead," he said, as we entered the terminal building, passing 6-m-high piles of cars and uprooted pines. A pair of discarded sandals sat neatly in front of the domestic terminal. "I know that my daughter may be just one more person among so many dead. But my deepest hope is that she is alive. That is my only prayer at this moment."(See the heartbreak in a town that's missing more than half its residents.)

Across northern Japan, invocations were being uttered by family members who still had no idea whether their loved ones were alive or dead. Tens of thousands of people were still unaccounted for, and radio stations laboriously relayed information about centenarians looking for their relatives or dead children identified by their birthmarks. Cell-phone networks were down in much of the region, and vast lakes formed by the tsunami rendered roads impassable.(Comment on this story.)

With food, water and gas running low, lines of people snaked through towns in stretches of several kilometers, waiting patiently for whatever sustenance could be found, even as temperatures dipped toward freezing. Adding to the distress, nuclear reactors in Fukushima prefecture were in danger of suffering meltdowns as a result of the quake and tsunami, sending radioactive material into air already bursting with tragedy. On Sunday, Japan's Prime Minister Naoto Kan called the triple whammy of earthquake, tsunami and possible nuclear fallout the country's "worst crisis" since World War II.

Read more: http://www.time.com/time/world/article/0,8599,2058651,00.html#ixzz1GZmxxdbW